Welcome Dana, Emily, Rebecca, Lucas, Jackie, Abbas and Sa’ad. This is your very own page; please feel free to post any comments either for myself or for each other. If you have any suggestions or articles that you think we should all have access to then add them as a comment and I will post them on the page. Caring is sharing is the idea.

IB SL HWK Gender & Change 15/11/10

Have a look at this site. Read the reports and watch the clips. List examples of gender discrimination under the following headings: status, employment, empowerment, legal rights, land tenure, health. Don’t worry if you dont have notes under every heading. List the 3 most shocking inequalities at the bottom of this page.

Reverse Migration in China

Interesting article about Government induced migration to interior China. this flies in the face of traditional rural – urban migration

HWK: Thursday’s lesson

  1. When you get time have a go at the on-line tutorial under the title “utilising the web” below.
  2. Have a look at the article and clip below about the link between fertility and religion
  3. Find a population issue which you think is important. Write a summary paragraph on the issue and then post the paragraph below as a comment (feel free to comment on each others paragraphs). Also post the link directing people to your article. Have a look at each others articles as they are posted. A goo place to start your research is http://www.intute.ac.uk/geography/ which is a educational search engine.

 HWK Feedback: Interesting articles and all very well summarised. I also found this article which shows the human tragedy behind one of the reasons for high CBR in LEDC’s in this case Bolivia.

Utilising the Web

The internet is a wonderful tool but it can prove cumbersome and time consuming due to its epic size. Try the following tutorial which will help you become smarter in your research, it will save you time and the headache of not finding what you are looking for.


Useful article and clip outlining the link between fertility and religion


It also shows that there are anomolies within MEDC’s as we would usually state that fertility rates are declining in MEDC’s which on the whole they are but here we have an exception to the rule



14 Responses to “IB”

  1. Ash Abbas Says:

    Homework from Thursday’s Lesson:


    “High Birthrate Threatens to Trap Africa in Cycle of Poverty” by Xan Rice.

    I find this article interesting, because despite children in LEDCs being a profit and not a burden (as they are used for labour), it still keeps families in povery.

    The article begins with the population explosion predicted to happen in Uganda. It’s population will double to 56 million by 2025, and by 2050 it is predicted to reach near China’s population. The fertility rate of an average Ugandan women is 7 children, the same as 30 years ago. Half the population is under 15, nearly ready for childbearing, and only 1 in 5 women use contraception.

    Many of Sub-Saharan African countries are expected to triple in population, causing Africa to make up 1/4 of thw world population. Although Uganda’s president view this increase in population as a “great resource” for economic development, despite fears being raised on whether these countries can afford to provide education, health care and jobs to this increasing population.

    • Mr M Says:

      interesting article on the link between economic development and birth rates. Well researched Abbas. Do you agree with the sentiment that high BR will impeded economic development?

      • Ash Abbas Says:

        To a certain extent, yes, I think there is no real point have a large workforce if they don’t *work*.
        If government’s can spend enough on health care and education for the next generation, then it would be useful to the country, but with lack of funds and corruption in many countries, unfortunately I think it would impede economic development.

  2. Lucas Hawath Says:

    Source (article): http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/8283259.stm
    Facts: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/uk.html

    Britain will in the future face yet another problem related to its ageing population.

    A recent study has shown “The fastest population increase has been among those aged 85 and over- doubling from 600,000 in 1983 to 1.3 million in 2008” plus “the population aged 65 and over rose by 1.5 million over the last 25 years.”

    This ageing population is a result of high life expectancy 79.01 years due to the low crude death rate: 10.02/thousand people but also to a low fertility rate: (1.66 children born/ women).

    Problems related to this issue include the need for these old people to be taken care of. This will therefore oblige the government to invest in nursing homes, employ staff to take care of them. The economy would also be affected by this situation as the dependency ratio will increase.

  3. Sa'ad Dayaji Says:

    Singapores Fertility Rate Decline.

    In Singapore there was rapid growth from 1900 to 1960, from about a quarter of a million to 1 and a half in 1960. After Singapore’s independace in 1965 they introduced an anti-natalist policy to try and reduce the total fertility rate which was 6.5 births/ woman in 1957 to 1.4 in 1988. They used things like family planning services, low cost sterilisations and abortions. This did not go as planned however, and as we can see the fertility rate fell below the replacement level and the government feared that there would end up being labour shortages. They then decided to introduce a pronatalist policy. This mainly involved giving educated university women financial initiatives in exchange for higher fertility rates. They also introduced a program to facilitate marriages among college-educated women as they were currently not getting married. The final part of their policy was to offer poor and uneducated women incentives for sterilization.


  4. Rebecca D'Souza Says:

    Japan failing to cope with its declining population

    Japans population is projected to decline 17 percent by 2050, from 127 million to 105 million. To maintain a steady population, on average, Japanese women would have to give birth to 2.08 children but in 1998 the childbearing average stood at 1.38 per woman. The population decline is further accelerated by Japans ageing population and the lack of women in the fertile age group. Japan is going to have to start finding ways to increase their population if they want mantain their high living standards and the only way to do this is to start accepting immigrants quickly. However because Japan is resisting ‘corrupting’ their near uniform ethnicity the problem is not being solved.

  5. Emily Baines Says:

    This article is interesting because it shows how geography and demagraphy in particular is not blank-or-white.

    The first section affirms what we learnt in lesson; how improved education, lifestyle and diet led to declining fertility rates as well as Infant mortality rates. Using example such as post-war Sri Lanka.
    However, the second section informs us that (althogh the demographic transition model would tell us to) we musn’t jump to the conclusion that declining fertility rates is a sign of economic growth and gerenal improvement. Illustratting this point with the sad example of Kenya.
    A good education, diet, ect..leeds to lower fertility rates; lower fertility rates do not, on the other hand equate with a good better lifestyle.

  6. Jackelyn Wren Says:

    I found this article which is very interesting and based very much on the religious views of people. There is a group of traditionalist US Christians who do not believe in contraception and so think that they are carrying out God’s work by creating a new generation of moral leaders who will fight in the battles that these people think are looming over them. It is very normal to have at least 10 children within these families showing clear fertility motivated completely by the bible. These people also do not believe in the idea of abortion and so this will show an increase in the crude birth rate as babies are not being terminated before birth. This is only one of the many religious beliefs that have a huge impact on the increasing population that we are seeing today.

    • Mr M Says:

      I found the same article it’s very bizarre isn’t it, but does show an anomaly in what we talked about i.e. this is an MEDC but this will inevitably increase CBR

  7. Emily Baines Says:

    This article is a good demonstration that geography and more to the point demography is no black or white.

    The first section explains exactly what we were taught in lesson; better lifestyle – this includes, living conditions, education and diet- leeds to lower fertility rates. The reporter illustrates this with good examples such a post-war Sri Lanka.
    The second section however, shows that (although the demographic transition model encorages us to) we should not jump to the conclusion that low fertility rates are a sign of economic growth and gerenal improvement.
    Here, the example of the Africain state of Kenya is used to complete the point made.

    So, we can say that better living standards (mainly including an improved diet) can leed to lower fertility and infant mortality rates. On the other hand, having lower fertility and IMR does not equate to having a better and healthier lifestyle.

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